Download Analysis And Design Of Analog Integrated Circuits Fifth Edition By Paul R. Gray, Paul J. Hurst And Stephen H. Lewi

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Introduction

Since the publication of the first edition of this book, the field of analog integrated circuits has developed and matured. The initial groundwork was laid in bipolar technology, followed by a rapid evolution of MOS analog integrated circuits. Thirty years ago, CMOS technologies were fast enough to support applications only at audio frequencies. However, the continuing reduction of the minimum feature size in integrated-circuit (IC) technologies has greatly increased the maximum operating frequencies, and CMOS technologies have become fast enough for many new applications as a result. For example, the bandwidth in some video applications is about 4 MHz, requiring bipolar technologies as recently as about twenty-three years ago. Now, however, CMOS easily can accommodate the required bandwidth for video and is being used for radio-frequency applications. Today, bipolar integrated circuits are used in some applications that require very low noise, very wide bandwidth, or driving low-impedance loads. In this fifth edition, coverage of the bipolar 741 op amp has been replaced with a low voltage bipolar op amp, the NE5234, with rail-to-rail common-mode input range and almost rail-to-rail output swing. Analysis of a fully differential CMOS folded-cascade operational amplifier (op amp) is now included in Chapter 12. The 560B phase-locked loop, which is no longer commercially available, has been deleted from Chapter 10. The SPICE computer analysis program is now readily available to virtually all electrical engineering students and professionals, and we have included extensive use of SPICE in this edition, particularly as an integral part of many problems. We have used computer analysis as it is most commonly employed in the engineering design process—both as a more accurate check on hand calculations, and also as a tool to examine complex circuit behavior beyond the scope of hand analysis.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 Models for Integrated-Circuit Active Devices
CHAPTER 2 Bipolar, MOS, and BiCMOS Integrated-Circuit Technology
CHAPTER 3 Single-Transistor and Multiple-Transistor Amplifiers
CHAPTER 4 Current Mirrors, Active Loads, and References
CHAPTER 5 Output Stages
CHAPTER 6 Operational Amplifiers with Single-Ended Outputs
CHAPTER 7 Frequency Response of Integrated Circuits
CHAPTER 8 Feedback
CHAPTER 9 Frequency Response and Stability of Feedback Amplifiers
CHAPTER 10 Nonlinear Analog Circuits
CHAPTER 11 Noise in Integrated Circuits
CHAPTER 12 Fully Differential Operational Amplifiers